7.2

Context

Delta Decision on Spatial Adaptation

In 2014, the Delta Programme Commissioner presented proposals for Delta Decisions, including a proposal for the Delta Decision on Spatial Adaptation, in order to be prepared for future climate developments in good time. Subsequently, the Cabinet set down the national policy ensuing from the proposed Delta Decision on Spatial Adaptation in the National Water Plan. The goal set out in the Delta Decision on Spatial Adaptation is that by 2050, the lay-out of the Netherlands must be as climate-proof and water-resilient as possible to accommodate waterlogging, drought, heat, and urban flooding, while (re)developments must not entail any additional risks of damage and fatalities insofar as this is reasonably feasible. To attain this goal, the Delta Decision sets out the interim target of having climate-proof and water-resilient spatial planning incorporated into the policies and actions of government authorities: in regional and local spatial considerations, the authorities will factor in the water resilience and climate proofing of their own region. In essence this Delta Plan is the implementation programme of the Delta Decision on Spatial Adaptation.

Over recent years, many parties have committed to the Delta Decision on Spatial Adaptation. In an administrative agreement, the central government and the umbrella organisations of the provinces, municipalities, and district water boards have set down their commitment to endorse and implement all the Delta Decisions, including the Delta Decision on Spatial Adaptation. In this context, the central government is working on improving the flood protection of the national vital and vulnerable functions, to which end policy and regulations will have been set down by 2020 or as much earlier as possible. 119 parties, among which are many businesses and NGOs, have embraced the principles of the Delta Decision on Spatial Adaptation by signing a declaration of intent. Fifteen additional declarations of intent have been signed regarding specific projects. In 2016, several cities, with governments, NGOs, and the business community as participating parties, committed to the Climate Adaptation City Deal.

National Climate Adaptation Strategy

In the Paris Climate Agreement (2015), the signatory states acknowledge that climate change is already causing damage, and that adaptation is equally as important as combating climate change. In 2007, the Netherlands was among the first countries to set down a national adaptation strategy. The introduction of the Delta Programme in 2010 substantiated a major part of the adaptation tasking: adaptation to accommodate waterlogging, heat, drought, and urban flooding. At the end of 2016, the Cabinet set down the second National Climate Adaptation Strategy (NAS), in response to the European Commission’s request to all member states to have in place a national strategy in the field of climate adaptation by no later than 2017. The NAS covers the entire scope of climate adaptation and all economic sectors. The NAS implementation programme, to be drawn up in 2017, will focus on the adaptation efforts required as a supplement to the Delta Programme and the interconnectivity between the various sectors. Ergo, the NAS implementation programme and the Delta Programme, which includes this Delta Plan, complement one another. The efforts are being expended in close collaboration wherever such is necessary.

  1. Cover letter and Delta Programme Commissioner’s recommendations
  2. Introductory summary
    1. Continuing the work on a sustainable and safe delta
  3. Part I National level
  4. Progress of the Delta Programme
    1. Progress based on Monitoring, Analysing, Acting
    2. General picture of the progress
      1. On schedule
      2. On track
      3. Integrated approach
      4. Participation
      5. Effectiveness of the regions
    3. Progress in flood risk management
    4. Progress in spatial adaptation
    5. Progress in freshwater supply
    6. Embedding, knowledge and innovation, international collaboration
      1. Embedding
      2. Knowledge
      3. Innovation
      4. International efforts
  5. Delta Fund
    1. Developments in the Delta Fund
    2. Resources from other partners
    3. The financial taskings of the Delta Programme
    4. Financial security of the Delta Programme
  6. Part II Regions
  7. Progress per region
    1. IJsselmeer Region/freshwater supply region IJsselmeer Region
    2. Rhine Estuary-Drechtsteden/West-Netherlands freshwater supply region
    3. Rhine/ Area around the major rivers freshwater supply region
    4. Meuse
    5. Southwest Delta/Southwest Delta freshwater supply region
    6. The Coast
    7. Wadden Region
    8. Elevated Sandy Soils South and East
  8. Part III Delta Plans
  9. Delta Plan on Flood Risk Management
    1. Implementation programmes
      1. Flood Protection Programme
      2. Second Flood Protection Programme
      3. Room for the River
      4. Meuse Projects
      5. WaalWeelde
      6. IJsselmeer Closure Dam
      7. Repair of Oosterschelde and Westerschelde stone claddings - Zeeland foreland deposits
    2. River widening in interconnection with dyke improvement
    3. Studies ensuing from knowledge agenda and in regions
  10. Map Flood risk management measures
  11. Delta Plan on Freshwater Supply
    1. Measures to ensure the availability of freshwater in the Netherlands
  12. Map Freshwater supply measures
  13. Delta Plan on Spatial Adaptation
    1. Introduction
      1. Justification
      2. Aim and state of affairs of the Delta Plan
      3. Collective realisation
    2. Context
    3. “Analysis, Ambition, Action” – state of affairs
      1. Waterlogging
      2. Heat stress
      3. Drought
      4. Consequences of urban flooding
      5. Current approach
    4. Our intentions: expediting and intensifying
      1. Vision: from the present to 2050
      2. Ambition and strategy
      3. Interim goals
      4. Nationwide governance framework regarding spatial adaptation
      5. Funding
    5. Appendix 1. Action programme
    6. Appendix 2. Outcomes of regional meetings and round table discussions
  14. List of Background Documents
    1. Background documents
  15. Colophon
    1. Colophon content Delta Programme 2018
  16. How to use Delta Programme 2018