Appendix 2. Outcomes of regional meetings and round table discussions


In February and March 2017, five administrative regional meetings were held with administrators of municipalities, provinces, and district water boards. In addition, two round table discussions were conducted with a wide group of delegates from the business community, interest groups, sector associations, knowledge institutes, and NGOs. Comprehensive reports on the meetings and discussions are available via http://ruimtelijkeadaptatie.nl/english/delta-plan-spatial/.

General outcomes of the administrative regional meetings:

In all the administrative regional meetings, the following points of attention came up:

1. Tasking is local/regional and everyone’s responsibility

The Delta Plan is a national plan, operated by four government tiers, whose taskings differs from one municipality, region, and even neighbourhood to the next, as do the parties involved. Consequently, the Delta Plan cannot be a uniform plan; it must be tailored to the regional differences. As a considerable proportion of the territory is in private hands, the challenge is to develop solutions together with private and public sectors. This will require “border-defying” collaboration between all the parties involved. 

2. Spatial adaptation is connected with other social taskings

Spatial adaptation is not an isolated issue. By definition it is a tasking that needs to be linked to other social taskings in the spatial domain, such as the energy transition. For that reason, it is particularly important for spatial adaptation to be taken into consideration in the Environmental Visions and environmental plans, in tender procedures, in management and maintenance of infrastructure and public spaces, and also in small-scale private initiatives.

3. Instruments: communication, knowledge sharing, and funding

Spatial adaptation encompasses several issues (waterlogging, heat stress, drought, urban flooding). The diversity in urgency, taskings, and ownership, complicates its embedding in uniform legislation and regulations. The aim is for the incorporation of adaptation to become a matter of course in various taskings involving the physical living environment. Spatial adaptation is urgent, it is a major tasking, and the challenge is to secure a course of action for everyone. Consequently, there is a wide need for knowledge sharing. The Delta Plan on Spatial Adaptation needs to safeguard proper communication, make sure that knowledge is up to date and accessible, and ensure the availability of financial resources required for communication and knowledge sharing.

Region-specific outcomes

The administrative regional meetings have also generated specific points of attention for a particular region, or for existing collaborations in a region:

Northern region (Friesland, Groningen, Drenthe)

  • Many efforts have already been launched, but not all of them are visible.
  • Spatial adaptation is intertwined with other taskings in the region. It is not a goal in itself.
  • The tasking pertaining to waterlogging and drought is largely one for the agricultural sector.
  • Freshwater supply from the IJsselmeer lake is cumbersome for some areas on account of the distance. In such areas, drought is the main challenge. 

Eastern region (Overijssel and Gelderland)  

  • Give room to private initiatives, and facilitate both pioneers and slow starters.
  • Capitalise on major maintenance works to link the tasking.
  • Communicate on a wide scale and with everyone. Incorporate climate adaptation into liveability, and economic and social goals.

Northwestern region (Flevoland, Utrecht, Noord-Holland)

  • Do not differentiate between rural and urban areas.
  • 80% of the space in urban areas is in private hands: focus on local residents and private parties. Link the urgency to a distinctly positive course of action.
  • Soil subsidence is an issue that as yet is receiving insufficient attention.

Southwestern region (Zuid-Holland and Zeeland)

  • The focus needs to shift from prevention to curative care.
  • The taskings, including the one pertaining to soil subsidence, must be mapped out at the regional level.
  • Link up with existing regional structures, yet ensure sufficient coordination. The province has offered to take up that role.

Southern region (Noord-Brabant and Limburg)

  • Collaborate in a “border-defying” manner; avoid shifting responsibilities onto other areas.
  • Map out the costs and benefits.
  • The agricultural sector is also faced with a tasking (drought and waterlogging).
  • A regional approach would have to be developed, involving collaboration between all the relevant regional parties on an equal basis.

Round table discussions

Two round table discussions on spatial adaptation have been conducted with a wide group of delegates from the business community (including investors, insurance companies, and project developers), interest organisations, sector associations, knowledge institutes, and NGOs such as the Red Cross, Natuurmonumenten, and the Nationaal Groenfonds. The discussions were focused on the following question: how do we collectively render the Netherlands climate-proof and water-resilient by 2050? This question was addressed on the basis of the following themes:

  • heat stress & health;
  • urban & rural areas;
  • principalship & contractorship.

These are the main outcomes of these meetings:

  • Creating a sense of urgency and raising awareness remains important; the adaptive capacity of society must remain the point of focus.
  • The participants have sketched the first outlines of an agenda pertaining to the topic of heat stress.
  • There is a need for the room to experiment and for coherent regulations from the various governments.
  • Spatial adaptation needs to be incorporated into tendering procedures and performance guidelines.
  • The Environmental Visions open up opportunities to intertwine the spatial adaptation tasking with other taskings, such as energy transition, house building, and recreation.

Examples: investment resources for adaptation solutions in land allocations; rooftop doctors: water is to be regarded as a resource rather than waste material; Operatie Steenbreek [depavement project]; the Water Coalition.

  1. Cover letter and Delta Programme Commissioner’s recommendations
  2. Introductory summary
    1. Continuing the work on a sustainable and safe delta
  3. Part I National level
  4. Progress of the Delta Programme
    1. Progress based on Monitoring, Analysing, Acting
    2. General picture of the progress
      1. On schedule
      2. On track
      3. Integrated approach
      4. Participation
      5. Effectiveness of the regions
    3. Progress in flood risk management
    4. Progress in spatial adaptation
    5. Progress in freshwater supply
    6. Embedding, knowledge and innovation, international collaboration
      1. Embedding
      2. Knowledge
      3. Innovation
      4. International efforts
  5. Delta Fund
    1. Developments in the Delta Fund
    2. Resources from other partners
    3. The financial taskings of the Delta Programme
    4. Financial security of the Delta Programme
  6. Part II Regions
  7. Progress per region
    1. IJsselmeer Region/freshwater supply region IJsselmeer Region
    2. Rhine Estuary-Drechtsteden/West-Netherlands freshwater supply region
    3. Rhine/ Area around the major rivers freshwater supply region
    4. Meuse
    5. Southwest Delta/Southwest Delta freshwater supply region
    6. The Coast
    7. Wadden Region
    8. Elevated Sandy Soils South and East
  8. Part III Delta Plans
  9. Delta Plan on Flood Risk Management
    1. Implementation programmes
      1. Flood Protection Programme
      2. Second Flood Protection Programme
      3. Room for the River
      4. Meuse Projects
      5. WaalWeelde
      6. IJsselmeer Closure Dam
      7. Repair of Oosterschelde and Westerschelde stone claddings - Zeeland foreland deposits
    2. River widening in interconnection with dyke improvement
    3. Studies ensuing from knowledge agenda and in regions
  10. Map Flood risk management measures
  11. Delta Plan on Freshwater Supply
    1. Measures to ensure the availability of freshwater in the Netherlands
  12. Map Freshwater supply measures
  13. Delta Plan on Spatial Adaptation
    1. Introduction
      1. Justification
      2. Aim and state of affairs of the Delta Plan
      3. Collective realisation
    2. Context
    3. “Analysis, Ambition, Action” – state of affairs
      1. Waterlogging
      2. Heat stress
      3. Drought
      4. Consequences of urban flooding
      5. Current approach
    4. Our intentions: expediting and intensifying
      1. Vision: from the present to 2050
      2. Ambition and strategy
      3. Interim goals
      4. Nationwide governance framework regarding spatial adaptation
      5. Funding
    5. Appendix 1. Action programme
    6. Appendix 2. Outcomes of regional meetings and round table discussions
  14. List of Background Documents
    1. Background documents
  15. Colophon
    1. Colophon content Delta Programme 2018
  16. How to use Delta Programme 2018