2.2.1

On schedule

Flood risk management

The implementation of the new flood risk management policy is proceeding as planned. Major steps have been taken over the past year. The amendment to the Water Act, comprising the new standards, came into effect on 1 January 2017. The regulation pertaining to the assessment of primary flood defence systems has also been effective since 1 January 2017 and the first set of instruments is available. These are important conditions to ensure that the flood defence systems meet the new standards by no later than 2050. The assessment of the flood defence systems in accordance with the new standards has commenced; in 2023, it will yield an initial picture of the condition of the flood defence systems and the required dyke improvements. Meanwhile, preparations have started for the urgent improvement of dykes whose safety falls considerably short of the new standards. At several locations, e.g., in the Wadden Region, parties are exploring innovative dyke improvement methods. In the area around the major rivers, the governments concerned are collectively working on an ambition for the combined river widening and dyke improvement efforts up to 2050, in order to set down the points of departure for both types of measures in terms of water management. In the IJsselmeer Region, two significant milestones have been accomplished with respect to flood risk management: the construction of pumps in the IJsselmeer Closure Dams has been put out to tender, and the new IJsselmeer water level ordinance is expected to come into effect in early 2018. The study into reduction of the failure probability and the partial operation of the Maeslant storm surge barrier was completed in early 2017. Within the Rhine Estuary-Drechtsteden Delta Programme, Rijkswaterstaat is exploring which measures can be implemented by 2028 in interconnection with the safety tasking concerning the dykes (cf. Paragraph 4.2).

Spatial adaptation

The interim evaluation of the Delta Decision on Spatial Adaptation shows that public commitment to spatial adaptation is expanding considerably, yet the parties still fail to take sufficient initiative. At the same time, the urgency is increasing. This warrants the conclusion that additional effort is required in order to be able to attain the goal set for 2050. The new Delta Plan on Spatial Adaptation, which has been incorporated into this year’s Delta Programme as a first, is aimed at ensuring this momentum. Central government efforts to improve the flood protection of national vital and vulnerable functions are on schedule. The regional governments are also improving the resilience of their vital and vulnerable functions; some are still in the “analysis” phase (e.g., conducting stress tests), others have entered the “ambition” stage (e.g., drawing up adaptation strategies), and some have embarked on the “action” stage (among which Amsterdam Rainproof, Dordrecht, Rotterdam). 

Freshwater supply

All across the country, measures pertaining to the implementation of the Delta Decision on Freshwater Supply are being prepared and in progress. Increasingly more regional parties are opting for an integrated approach to freshwater supply, waterlogging, and water quality issues. In some cases, such an approach takes more time to prepare, but ultimately it will prove more efficient. All the measures set out in the Delta Plan on Freshwater Supply are expected to be completed by 2021 as planned. All the freshwater supply regions (and Rijkswaterstaat with respect to the main water system) have embarked on the water availability issue. The majority of the regions are seeking to tie in with other taskings and area-based processes. Particularly in relation to the major freshwater stocks, the parties involved tend to regard the water availability strategy as not always sufficiently urgent, which in some cases is causing delays. The May 2017 benchmark further shows that implementation is on schedule, and that the first results are becoming manifest. The governments concerned are preparing a roadmap to provide insight as regards the interconnectivity of the agreements on water availability, the updating of the bottleneck analysis, and the national freshwater supply targets, in preparation for the second phase of the Delta Plan on Freshwater Supply (2022-2028). It is important for water availability to be embedded in environmental policy at all levels. This will be a point of focus in the period ahead.

  1. Cover letter and Delta Programme Commissioner’s recommendations
  2. Introductory summary
    1. Continuing the work on a sustainable and safe delta
  3. Part I National level
  4. Progress of the Delta Programme
    1. Progress based on Monitoring, Analysing, Acting
    2. General picture of the progress
      1. On schedule
      2. On track
      3. Integrated approach
      4. Participation
      5. Effectiveness of the regions
    3. Progress in flood risk management
    4. Progress in spatial adaptation
    5. Progress in freshwater supply
    6. Embedding, knowledge and innovation, international collaboration
      1. Embedding
      2. Knowledge
      3. Innovation
      4. International efforts
  5. Delta Fund
    1. Developments in the Delta Fund
    2. Resources from other partners
    3. The financial taskings of the Delta Programme
    4. Financial security of the Delta Programme
  6. Part II Regions
  7. Progress per region
    1. IJsselmeer Region/freshwater supply region IJsselmeer Region
    2. Rhine Estuary-Drechtsteden/West-Netherlands freshwater supply region
    3. Rhine/ Area around the major rivers freshwater supply region
    4. Meuse
    5. Southwest Delta/Southwest Delta freshwater supply region
    6. The Coast
    7. Wadden Region
    8. Elevated Sandy Soils South and East
  8. Part III Delta Plans
  9. Delta Plan on Flood Risk Management
    1. Implementation programmes
      1. Flood Protection Programme
      2. Second Flood Protection Programme
      3. Room for the River
      4. Meuse Projects
      5. WaalWeelde
      6. IJsselmeer Closure Dam
      7. Repair of Oosterschelde and Westerschelde stone claddings - Zeeland foreland deposits
    2. River widening in interconnection with dyke improvement
    3. Studies ensuing from knowledge agenda and in regions
  10. Map Flood risk management measures
  11. Delta Plan on Freshwater Supply
    1. Measures to ensure the availability of freshwater in the Netherlands
  12. Map Freshwater supply measures
  13. Delta Plan on Spatial Adaptation
    1. Introduction
      1. Justification
      2. Aim and state of affairs of the Delta Plan
      3. Collective realisation
    2. Context
    3. “Analysis, Ambition, Action” – state of affairs
      1. Waterlogging
      2. Heat stress
      3. Drought
      4. Consequences of urban flooding
      5. Current approach
    4. Our intentions: expediting and intensifying
      1. Vision: from the present to 2050
      2. Ambition and strategy
      3. Interim goals
      4. Nationwide governance framework regarding spatial adaptation
      5. Funding
    5. Appendix 1. Action programme
    6. Appendix 2. Outcomes of regional meetings and round table discussions
  14. List of Background Documents
    1. Background documents
  15. Colophon
    1. Colophon content Delta Programme 2018
  16. How to use Delta Programme 2018